What is a school council?
Simply, a school council is a group of pupils who represent all the pupils in a school.
Sometimes these are given different names: student council, pupil council, learner council, student forum, school senate are among the many we've come across. In Scotland a school council can be the name of something similar to a governing body in England, Wales and Northern Ireland - it's made up of parents, the headteacher and other adults - so councils made up of pupils are often called pupil councils.
There are no rules about exactly what a school council should do, how often it should meet or how big it needs to be (although in Wales there are minimum standards set by law), how it functions should be governed by what it aims to do: represent the views of all pupils.
Typically school councils are formed by each class voting for a representative or two to sit on the school council. In larger schools, class elect representatives to sit on a year council, the year council then elects people to sit on the whole school council. How well this structure allows everyone in the school to participate depends on communication between the school council and the rest of the school.